Publications

ATTEMPTS TO CREATE BALL LIGHTNING WITH TRIGGERED LIGHTNING

ATTEMPTS TO CREATE BALL LIGHTNING WITH TRIGGERED LIGHTNING We describe attempts to create ball lightning by directing lightning, triggered from natural thunderclouds using the rocket-and-wire technique, through a variety of materials. Some of the observed phenomena have features in common with natural ball lightning or with laboratory attempts to create it: flame-like luminosity for up …

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HIGH‐SPEED VIDEO OBSERVATIONS OF A LIGHTNING STEPPED LEADER

HIGH‐SPEED VIDEO OBSERVATIONS OF A LIGHTNING STEPPED LEADER High‐speed video images of eight branches of a lightning stepped leader recorded at a frame rate of 300 kiloframes per second (kfps) (3.33 ms exposure) are analyzed, representing the fastest published frame rate measurements of stepped leader stepping by about 1 order of magnitude and the first …

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GEOMETRICAL AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INITIAL STAGE IN FLORIDA TRIGGERED LIGHTNING

GEOMETRICAL AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INITIAL STAGE IN FLORIDA TRIGGERED LIGHTNING We characterize the geometrical and electrical characteristics of the initial stages of nine Florida triggered lightning discharges using a Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) and measured channel-base currents. We determine initial channel and subsequent branch lengths, average initial channel and branch propagation speeds, and …

GEOMETRICAL AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INITIAL STAGE IN FLORIDA TRIGGERED LIGHTNING Read More »

“CHAOTIC” DART LEADERS IN TRIGGERED LIGHTNING: ELECTRIC FIELDS, X-RAYS, AND SOURCE LOCATIONS

“CHAOTIC” DART LEADERS IN TRIGGERED LIGHTNING: ELECTRIC FIELDS, X-RAYS, AND SOURCE LOCATIONS We present the first published observations of “chaotic” dart leaders in triggered-lightning discharges. We examine four leaders that exhibited “chaotic” electric field derivative (dE/dt) signatures in their final 10 to 12 ms. The dE/dt signatures were characterized by bursts exhibiting widths of the …

“CHAOTIC” DART LEADERS IN TRIGGERED LIGHTNING: ELECTRIC FIELDS, X-RAYS, AND SOURCE LOCATIONS Read More »

THE ATTACHMENT PROCESS OF ROCKET-TRIGGERED LIGHTNING DART-STEPPED LEADERS

THE ATTACHMENT PROCESS OF ROCKET-TRIGGERED LIGHTNING DART-STEPPED LEADERS Time-correlated 1.54 μs high-speed video frames, channel-base current and current derivative (dI/dt), and electric field derivative (dE/dt) measurements are used to analyze the attachment process of triggered lightning dart-stepped leaders. Lengths, speeds, and durations of the upward-connecting positive leaders propagating from the launching structure are measured and …

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COMMENTS ON RECENT OBSERVATIONS OF FAINTLY LUMINOUS FORMATIONS (FLF) CAPTURED USING PHANTOM HIGH-SPEED CAMERAS

COMMENTS ON RECENT OBSERVATIONS OF FAINTLY LUMINOUS FORMATIONS (FLF) CAPTURED USING PHANTOM HIGH-SPEED CAMERAS During 2015, the high-speed camera network at Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station was used to study a newly-reported optical phenomenon associated with the attachment process of lightning leaders to ground. This phenomena, termed the “Faintly Luminous Formation (FLF)” by …

COMMENTS ON RECENT OBSERVATIONS OF FAINTLY LUMINOUS FORMATIONS (FLF) CAPTURED USING PHANTOM HIGH-SPEED CAMERAS Read More »

CORRELATED LIGHTNING MAPPING ARRAY AND RADAR OBSERVATIONS OF THE INITIAL STAGES OF THREE SEQUENTIALLY TRIGGERED FLORIDA LIGHTNING DISCHARGES

CORRELATED LIGHTNING MAPPING ARRAY AND RADAR OBSERVATIONS OF THE INITIAL STAGES OF THREE SEQUENTIALLY TRIGGERED FLORIDA LIGHTNING DISCHARGES Correlated Lightning Mapping Array and vertical-scan radar images are presented for three rocket-and-wire triggered lightning flashes that occurred sequentially within 17 min in the presence of a decaying multicellular convective storm system over north-central Florida. The initial stage …

CORRELATED LIGHTNING MAPPING ARRAY AND RADAR OBSERVATIONS OF THE INITIAL STAGES OF THREE SEQUENTIALLY TRIGGERED FLORIDA LIGHTNING DISCHARGES Read More »

EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF CGLSS II AND U.S. NLDN USING GROUND-TRUTH DATA FROM LAUNCH COMPLEX 39B, KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FL

EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF CGLSS II AND U.S. NLDN USING GROUND-TRUTH DATA FROM LAUNCH COMPLEX 39B, KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FL A new comprehensive lightning instrumentation system has been designed for Launch Complex 39B (LC39B) at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. This new instrumentation system includes seven synchronized high-speed video cameras, current sensors installed …

EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF CGLSS II AND U.S. NLDN USING GROUND-TRUTH DATA FROM LAUNCH COMPLEX 39B, KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FL Read More »

Performance Evaluation of Non-Conventional Lightning Protection Systems Based on NLDN Data

Performance Evaluation of Non-Conventional Lightning Protection Systems Based on NLDN Data SLS presented a paper at the 2022 ICLP in Cape Town, South Africa titled “Performance Evaluation of Non-Conventional Lightning Protection Systems Based on NLDN Data”. Non-conventional LPS, including static charge dissipation devices, early streamer emission devices (ESE), charge transfer systems (CTS) and lightning suppressors/eliminators …

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MERLIN Low Detection Efficiency Study Results: First Two Years

MERLIN Low Detection Efficiency Study Results: First Two Years SLS presented a paper at the 2022 ICLP in Cape Town, South Africa titled “Merlin Low Detection Efficiency Study Results – First Two Years”. In 2019, the 45th Weather Squadron at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station (CCSFS) funded a study for Scientific Lightning Solutions, LLC (SLS) …

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